Bacterial vaginosis (BV) — casuses symptoms and preventive measures

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) — casuses symptoms and preventive measures


Bacterial vaginosis (BV) — casuses symptoms and preventive measures

Bacterial vaginosis is a common vaginal condition that can be treated. BV can raise your risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). What is the definition of bacterial vaginosis (BV)?

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a condition caused by an overabundance of certain bacteria in the vagina. This alters the normal bacterial balance in the vagina.

What is the BV spread?

The cause of BV is unknown to researchers. However, we do know that the condition is most common in sexually active people. A vaginal imbalance of “good” and “harmful” bacteria causes BV. Douching, not using condoms, and having new or multiple sex partners can all disrupt the normal balance of vaginal bacteria, increasing your chances of contracting BV.

We also don’t know how BV is caused by sex. There is also no evidence that treating a sex partner influences whether or not someone develops BV. Having BV increases your risk of contracting other STDs.

People who have never had sex are rarely affected by BV.

BV cannot be contracted through toilet seats, bedding, or swimming pools.

What can I do to avoid getting BV?

Healthcare providers and scientists do not fully comprehend how BV spreads or how to prevent it.

The basic preventive measures listed below may help reduce your risk of contracting BV:

Having no sex; limiting the number of sex partners;

Do not douch; and use condoms correctly every time you have sex.


Is there a treatment for BV?

Antibiotics can be prescribed by a doctor to treat BV. If you have symptoms, you should see a doctor who can examine you and treat you. Even if your symptoms improve, it is critical that you continue to take all of the medication prescribed by your doctor. Treatment may also reduce the risk of contracting other STDs. Even after treatment, BV can reoccur.

Male sex partners of BV women do not require treatment. BV, on the other hand, can spread between female sex partners.

What if I do not receive treatment?

BV can sometimes go away on its own. Treatment, on the other hand, can help avoid the increased risk of some serious health risks associated with BV, such as:

Getting or transmitting HIV; having a baby too soon if you have BV while pregnant; and contracting other STDs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. These bacteria can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which makes having children difficult.

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