Can you get sexually transmitted disease from kissing — here is a list
Kissing is considered low-risk when compared to intercourse and oral sex, but it is possible to transmit CMV, herpes, and syphilis through kissing. CMV can be found in saliva, and herpes and syphilis can be spread through skin-to-skin contact, especially when sores are present. Kissing, on the other hand, is a very low-risk activity. Kissing someone for the first time can be nerve-racking, and many people are afraid of it. The truth is that the first time you kiss someone can be awkward — almost everyone goes through this at some point in their lives. So, when it comes to kissing, it’s important to be as relaxed as possible.
Many STDs either have no symptoms or have symptoms that are so mild that they are easily overlooked. However, it is critical to treat the underlying infection.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may be a more accurate term than STDs because not all of these health issues cause obvious problems, according to the American Sexual Health Association.
There are over 26 infections that are primarily transmitted through sexual contact. The vast majority of STIs are spread through contact with the genitals, including genital fluids or sores, which occurs most commonly during intercourse or oral sex.
Kissing is a very low risk sexual activity for the majority of healthy people.
However, a few STIs can be transmitted through kissing, especially if the person has an active infection or symptoms such as oral sores, a list of such includes
HSV-1 and HSV-2 are the two subtypes of the herpes simplex virus.
Both viruses are capable of infecting people for the rest of their lives. A person infected with either infection may have symptom-free periods followed by symptoms.
Herpes is most contagious when symptoms are present, but it can be transmitted even when a person is asymptomatic.
The majority of people who have oral herpes have an HSV-1 infection. This results in the formation of sores, painful blisters, or ulcers in, on, or around the mouth or lips. Reliable Source. These skin lesions are commonly referred to as cold sores.
HSV-1 is most commonly transmitted through oral-to-oral contact, such as kissing.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 worldwide have HSV-1 infections. It is most commonly acquired during childhood.
Meanwhile a total of 491 million HSV-2 infection affects people aged 15–49 all over the world, according to a reliable source. This frequently results in painful genital sores, blisters, or ulcers. It is transmitted through sexual contact, most commonly genital-to-genital contact.
People infected with HSV-1 may not require medical attention.
It is critical to practice good hygiene, and cold sores can be treated with over-the-counter medication. People who have active sores should avoid kissing until the sores heal.
People infected with HSV-2 can take antiviral medications indefinitely to reduce their chances of developing symptoms and spreading the virus.
Syphilis is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is spread through direct contact with a syphilis sore. These sores can appear on the genitals, the lips, or the mouth. During pregnancy, syphilis can also be transmitted to a baby.
As syphilis progresses, symptoms worsen. Initially, a person’s sores are round, firm, and painless. These usually heal on their own in 3–6 weeks. Reliable Source.
Later on, a rough, reddish-brown rash may appear on the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, or both. Because the rash may not itch, a person may not notice it right away.
A person suffering from syphilis may also suffer from
swollen lymph nodes
a sore throat
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is extremely common — nearly one-third of all children in the United States develop the infection by the age of five, and more than half of all adults in the country have it by the age of 40.
The virus can spread through direct contact with bodily fluids such as sperm, breast milk, blood, and tears. It can also spread through contact with saliva or urine, which is especially dangerous in babies and young children.
The immune system usually prevents CMV from causing severe infection or illness in healthy people. The majority of people who have the infection are completely unaware that they have it.
When CMV causes symptoms, it usually results in:
a sore throat exhaustion
a fever accompanied by swollen lymph nodes
People with weakened immune systems and CMV infections may develop more severe symptoms affecting the lungs, liver, eyes, esophagus, stomach, and intestines.
A baby born with CMV infection may experience delayed growth, hearing loss, and problems with the brain, liver, spleen, and lungs.
Once infected with CMV, a person is infected for life, and it can reactivate.
Although there is no cure for CMV, the majority of people infected do not require treatment. Babies and people with weakened immune systems may require antiviral medication to avoid complications.
HPV is an abbreviation for human papillomavirus.
There are several of these viruses, and some of them have the potential to cause cancer later in life.
In rare cases, an infection can be transmitted through oral contact or contact with infected saliva. However, direct contact with the genitals is the most common way for the virus to spread.
Oral HPV affects approximately 3.6 percent of Trusted Source women and 10% of Trusted Source men in the United States. Most people recover from the infection within a few years.
Oral HPV infects the throat and mouth, causing cancers of the oropharynx, back of the throat, base of the tongue, and tonsils. HPV is thought to be responsible for 70% of cases of oropharyngeal cancer in the United States, according to health experts Symptoms of oropharyngeal cancer includes
hoarseness from a persistent sore throat
Swollen lymph nodes, difficulty swallowing, unexplained weight loss, and an earache
STDs that cannot be transmitted through kissing
The majority of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are not transmitted through kissing, including:
HIV chancroid pubic lice, also known as crabs
Other diseases are spread through kissing.
Contact with saliva or oral sores can cause and spread a variety of health problems.
The following are some of the most common diseases or pathogens that can be transmitted through kissing:
Influenza-like infectious mononucleosis
Gum disease-causing microorganisms
Dengue fever, yellow fever, and rabies