Eczema –causes ,symptoms and treatment


Ezcema is characterized by dry, itchy, and red skin (atopic dermatitis). It’s a common, non-contagious skin disorder. If you have asthma or allergies, you’re at a higher risk. Treatments can help manage symptoms, but there is no cure. Eczema or another kind of dermatitis affects 15% to 20% of people at some point in their lives.
What exactly is eczema? How does it appear and feel?
Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis) is a skin ailment that causes dry, red, itchy, and rough skin. Dermatitis is a broad term that refers to a variety of skin conditions. The skin barrier function is compromised by eczema (the “glue” of your skin). When your skin’s barrier function is compromised, it becomes more sensitive and susceptible to infection and dryness.

Eczema is not harmful to your health. It doesn’t mean your skin is dirty or sick, and it isn’t communicable either. Treatments are available to assist you manage your symptoms.

The word “dermatitis” means “skin inflammation.” The words “derm” and “itis” signify “skin” and “inflammation,” respectively. The term “inflammation of the skin” encompasses the entire phrase. The word “eczema” comes from the Greek word “ekzein,” which literally means “to boil over.”
What causes eczema to appear?
Itching and redness are the earliest indicators of eczema.
What is the most prevalent location for eczema?
Eczema can appear on any part of your body. It usually appears on the hands, neck, inner elbows, ankles, knees, feet, and around the eyes in teenagers and adults.

Who is susceptible to eczema?
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is most common in children, but it can affect anyone at any age. If any of the following apply to you, you’re at a high risk:

This person is African-American.
You’ve been told you have hay fever or asthma.
A member of a family with dermatitis, hay fever, or asthma.
What are the causes of eczema?
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is brought on by a mix of factors including immune system activation, genetics, environmental triggers, and stress.

Your body’s defense system. Your immune system overreacts to tiny irritants or allergens if you have eczema. Your skin may become inflamed as a result of this overreaction.
Your ancestors. If your family has a history of dermatitis, you’re more likely to have eczema. If you have a history of asthma, hay fever, or allergies, you’re at a higher risk. Allergens are substances that cause an allergic reaction, such as pollen, pet hair, or foods. A alteration in your genes that controls a protein that helps your body maintain good skin may also be present. Your skin will not be totally healthy unless you have appropriate quantities of that protein.
Your surroundings. Your surroundings can irritate your skin in a variety of ways. Tobacco smoke, air pollution, harsh soaps, woolen garments, and some skin creams are just a few examples. Your skin may feel dry and itchy as a result of low humidity (dry air). Heat and extreme humidity can promote sweating, which can aggravate the itching.
Your anxiety. Your stress levels might aggravate or cause eczema. Stress manifests itself in two ways: mental/emotional and bodily. They are as follows:
Signs of mental/emotional illness:

It’s difficult to unwind.
To unwind, people turn to drink, tobacco, or illegal narcotics.
A negative self-perception (low self-esteem).
I’m feeling a little overwhelmed.
Concentration is a challenge.
Irritability, mood swings, or a short fuse are all signs of irritability.
Physical manifestations:

Nausea and vomiting
I don’t want to have sex.
I’m sleeping far too much.
I’m not getting enough sleep.
Tension in the muscles.
Pains and aches
What are eczema’s indications and symptoms?
Symptoms of eczema (atopic dermatitis) include:

Skin that is parched.
The skin is itchy.
Rashes that are red in color.
On the skin, there are bumps.
Skin that is scaly and leathery.
Skin that is itchy.

Consider the following therapy suggestions:

If dry air causes your skin to become dry, use a humidifier.
If you’re having trouble with your mental or emotional health, see a psychiatrist for medication and a therapist for treatment.
Use a cream or ointment to moisturize your skin.
Lotions aren’t as effective. Apply many times throughout the day, including after bathing or showering. Instead of hot water, use lukewarm water in the tub or shower.
Use fragrance-free, dye-free, and alcohol-free soaps
and other items. Look for “fragrance free,” “hypoallergenic,” and “for sensitive skin” on items.
Ceramide-containing skin care products should be used. Some of the “glue” (the barrier) lacking from your skin is replaced by these moisturizers.
Cortisone creams and ointments should be used. Hydrocortisone (Cortisone) is an over-the-counter steroid that contains cortisone.
They may aid in the relief of itching and redness.
For extreme itching, antihistamines are available over-the-counter.
Take your prescription drugs as directed.
Steroid creams, tablets, and/or shots may be prescribed by your doctor. Side effects such as elevated blood pressure, weight gain, and skin thinning are long-term hazards. Topical immunomodulators (TIMs), which are newer drugs, have shown to be effective in treating individuals who have not responded to conventional treatments. They alter the immunological response to allergens in the body and cause less negative effects.
Certain skin problems, such as eczema, have been demonstrated to benefit from ultraviolet light waves found in sunlight. UV radiation, mainly ultraviolet B (UVB), from specific lamps is used in phototherapy.
If your child has eczema or other skin disorders, you can:

Baths that are too long and too hot can dry up the skin.
skin. Instead, use lukewarm water and sponge baths for your youngster.
While the skin is still moist, apply lotion just after washing. This will aid in the retention of moisture in the skin.

. Skin can be dried out by changes in room temperature and humidity.
Keep your child in cotton clothing. Wool, silk, and polyester-based textiles can irritate the skin.
Use a gentle detergent and make sure the clothing are thoroughly washed.
Keep an eye out for skin infections. If you suspect an infection, contact your doctor right once.
Encourage them not to rub or scratch the rash.
Use moisturizers on a regular basis. Moisturizing on a regular basis (every diaper change, for example) is highly beneficial for infants with eczema.

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