What you need to know about Amenorrhea
Amenorrhea refers to the absence of or seizing of the menstrual flow due to several factors such as health conditions, birth control use, and most commonly, pregnancy.
There are two types of amenorrhea.
1. Primary amenorrhea: This refers to the absence of a menstrual period in a girl who has/is exhibiting puberty but hasn’t gotten a period by the age of 15. Hormones, problems with the reproductive organs are usually the main cause of primary amenorrhea.
2. Secondary amenorrhea: This occurs in women who have had menstrual flows previously, which later stops for three to four months consecutively. The most common cause of secondary amenorrhea is pregnancy, though other factors can cause a woman’s period to seize.
The causes of secondary amenorrhea are more extensive. The most common reason is pregnancy, but other causes include:
Physical and Mental Stress
Gynaecological or Reproductive (Organ) Disorder
Extreme Weight Changes
The treatment plans for amenorrhea largely depends on what type it is (primary or secondary) and also the cause.
For primary amenorrhea, surgery may be needed to repair reproductive organs and/or genetic conditions.
In the case of secondary amenorrhea, the reason is first ascertained before a possible solution is prescribed. If amenorrhea is caused by birth control or drastic lifestyle changes like extensive exercise, physical stress or weight loss, doctors may prescribe an alternative contraceptive and suggest lifestyle changes.
For both primary or secondary amenorrhea, the first point of call should be a visit to the doctor or gynaecologist to determine what could be wrong. Self-medication is not advised.